DUI Attorney Services in Kissimmee, FL


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DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE - 316.193(1), Fla. Stat.


Below you will find the elements that the state has to prove in order to convict a person of driving under the influence.

To prove the crime of Driving under the Influence, the State must prove the following two elements beyond a reasonable doubt:

  1. Defendant drove or was in actual physical control of a vehicle; and
     

  2. While driving or in actual physical control of the vehicle, Defendant either:
     

    1. was under the influence of alcoholic, a chemical substance, or a controlled substance to the extent that his or her normal faculties were impaired; or

    2. had a blood, breath-alcohol level of .08 or more grams of alcohol per 100 milliliters of blood or 210 liters of breath.

If you find the defendant guilty of Driving under the Influence, you must also determine whether the State has proven beyond a reasonable doubt whether:

  1. the defendant had a [blood] [breath]-alcohol level of .15 or higher while driving or in actual physical control of thevehicle; or

  2. the defendant was accompanied in the vehicle by a person under the age of 18 years at the time of the driving underthe influence.

Definitions. Give as applicable.

Vehicle is every device, in, upon or by which any person or property is, or may be, transported or drawn upon a highway, except devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.

Normal faculties include but are not limited to the ability to see, hear, walk, talk, judge distances, drive an automobile, make judgments, act in emergencies and, in general, to normally perform the many mental and physical acts of our daily lives.

Actual physical control of a vehicle means the defendant must be physically in or on the vehicle and have the capability to operate the vehicle, regardless of whether he or she is actually operating the vehicle at the time.

Alcoholic beverages are considered to be substances of any kind and description which contain alcohol.

When appropriate, give one or more of the following instructions on the presumptions of impairment established by ァ 316.1934(2)(a), (2)(b), and (2)(c), Fla. Stat.

  • If you find from the evidence that while driving or in actual physical control of a motor vehicle, the defendant had a blood or breath-alcohol level of .05 or less, you shall presume that the defendant was not under the influence of alcoholic beverages to the extent that [his] [her] normal faculties were impaired; but this presumption may be overcome by other evidence demonstrating that the defendant was under the influence of alcoholic beverages to the extent that [his] [her] normal faculties were impaired.

  • If you find from the evidence that while driving or in actual physical control of a motor vehicle, the defendant had a blood or breath-alcohol level in excess of .05 but less than .08, that fact does not give rise to any presumption that the defendant was or was not under the influence of alcoholic beverages to the extent that [his] [her] normal faculties were impaired. In such cases, you may consider that evidence along with other evidence in determining whether the defendant was under the influence of alcoholic beverages to the extent that [his] [her] normal faculties were impaired.

  • If you find from the evidence that while driving or in actual physical control of a motor vehicle, the defendant had a blood or breath-alcohol level of .08 or more, that evidence would be sufficient by itself to establish that the defendant was under the influence of alcoholic beverages to the extent that [his] [her] normal faculties were impaired. But this evidence may be contradicted or rebutted by other evidence demonstrating that the defendant was not under the influence of alcoholic beverages to the extent that [his] [her] normal faculties were impaired.

Defense of inoperability; give if applicable.

It is a defense to the charge of Driving under the Influence if at the time of the alleged offense, the vehicle was inoperable. However, it is not a defense if the defendant was driving under the influence before the vehicle became inoperable. Therefore, if you are not convinced beyond a reasonable doubt that the vehicle was operable at the time of the alleged offense, you should find the defendant not guilty. However, if you are convinced that the vehicle was operable at the time of the alleged offense, then you should find the defendant guilty, if all the other elements of the charge have been proved beyond a reasonable doubt.

If you must address DUI defense or other criminal defense issues in Orlando, Kissimmee, St. Cloud, or the surrounding Central Florida area, speak to an experienced DUI defense attorney - lawyer at BLANCO LAW OFFICE, PA. today by calling 407.344.5577 or by using our online case evaluation form.